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Portfolio >> Nicolas Poussin

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  • Nicolas Poussin - Autumn
  • Nicolas Poussin - Theseus Finding His Father's Arms
  • Nicolas Poussin - Crossing the Red Sea
  • Nicolas Poussin - Moses Striking the Rock
  • Nicolas Poussin - St Cecilia
  • Nicolas Poussin - Lamentation over the Body of Christ
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Triumph of Neptune
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Adoration of the Golden Calf
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Virgin of the Pillar Appearing to St. James the Greater
  • Nicolas Poussin - Queen Zenobia Found on the Banks of the Arax
  • Nicolas Poussin - Midas Bathing in Pactolus
  • Nicolas Poussin - Landscape with Diana and Orion
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Empire of Flora
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Judgment of Solomon
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Holy Family with St Elizabeth and John the Baptist
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Inspiration of the Poet (detail)
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Lamentation over Christ
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Adoration of the Shepherds
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Assumption of the Virgin 1
  • Nicolas Poussin - Dance to the Music of Time
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Plague at Ashdod
  • Nicolas Poussin - Time Revealing Truth with Envy and Discord
  • Nicolas Poussin - Adoration of the Magi
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Rape of the Sabine Women1
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Seven Sacraments, Baptism
  • Nicolas Poussin - Esther Before Assuerus
  • Nicolas Poussin - Adoration of the Shepherds
  • Nicolas Poussin - The Shepherds of Arcadia 1
 
All 145 Artworks from Nicolas Poussin





Nicolas Poussin (15 June 1594 – 19 November 1665) was a French painter in the classical style. His work predominantly features clarity, logic, and order, and favors line over color. His work serves as an alternative to the dominant Baroque style of the 17th century. Until the 20th century he remained the major inspiration for such classically-oriented artists as Jacques-Louis David and Paul Cézanne.

He spent most of his working life in Rome, except for a short period when Cardinal Richelieu ordered him back to France to serve as First Painter to the King.


 

Early career
 
Helios and Phaeton with Saturn and the Four Seasons (c. 1635)Nicolas Poussin's early biographer was his friend Giovanni Pietro Bellori, who relates that Poussin was born near Les Andelys in Normandy and that he received an education that included some Latin, which would stand him in good stead. Early sketches attracted the notice of Quentin Varin, a local painter, whose pupil Poussin became, until he ran away to Paris at the age of eighteen. There he entered the studios of the Flemish painter Ferdinand Elle and then of Georges Lallemand, both minor masters now remembered for having tutored Poussin. He found French art in a stage of transition: the old apprenticeship system was disturbed, and the academic training destined to supplant it was not yet established by Simon Vouet; but having met Courtois the mathematician, Poussin was fired by the study of his collection of engravings by Marcantonio Raimondi after Italian masters.

 
Rape of the Sabine Women, Rome, 1637-38, oil on canvas, 159 x 206 cm, LouvreAfter two abortive attempts to reach Rome, he fell in with Giambattista Marino, the court poet to Marie de Medici, at Lyon. Marino employed him on illustrations to his poem Adone (untraced) and on a series of illustrations for a projected edition of Ovid's Metamorphoses, took him into his household, and in 1624 enabled Poussin (who had been detained by commissions in Lyon and Paris) to rejoin him at Rome. It has been suggested that it was this early friendship with Marino, and the commissioning of illustrations of his poetry (which drew on Ovidian themes), that founded, or at least reinforced, the prominent eroticism in Poussin's early work.

[Biography - Nicolas Poussin - 4Ko]
Nicolas Poussin, né au hameau de Villers, près des Andelys, le 15 juin 1594, décédé à Rome le 19 novembre 1665, est un peintre français du XVIIe siècle, représentant majeur du classicisme pictural . Biographie Poussin quitte à 18 ans la demeure familiale suite à la désapprobation de ses parents quant à son choix d'une carrière de peintre. Il se ren...
[Biography - Nicolas Poussin - 7Ko]
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